Off The Wall Art & Framing

"Professional Custom Framing Serving Las Vegas and the Surrounding Areas."

A short list of some applicable design/framing terms

A


Acid-Free

a term that describes paper materials with a pH of around 7.0. These materials are considered acid-free and are less likely to harm artwork or discolor over time. Paper materials with a pH below 6.5 or above 8.5 are not considered acid-free for the purposes of picture framing.


Acrylic

a clear, industrial plastic used as a substitute for glass in picture framing.


Artwork Size

the measured size of the actual image, not including borders or paper size. For example: you can have an image with an 8”x 10” artwork size printed on an 8.5”x 11” sheet of paper. The image size is still 8x10. From there mat reveals and frame widths are added for a finished size.


B


Back Paper

also known as a dust cover, is a liner paper adhered to the back of a frame. The back paper keeps dust and insects out of the frame package. It also helps reduce fluctuations in humidity, limits the infiltration of environmental gases, and gives your framed artwork a professional look.


Beveled Edge

when the inside edge of the mat board window is cut to a 45 degree angle. Most of Off The Wall's mat board windows are cut with a beveled edge. This allows about 1/16" of the core color to be visible.


Bottom-Weighting

when the bottom border of the mat board is wider than the other borders. The concept of bottom-weighting is based on the fact that the optical center (the place where a viewer's eye spends most of its time) is slightly above the true geometric center in a rectangular region.


C

Canvas Floater Frame

a type of frame used to display a gallery wrap canvas. This frame allows the entire front surface of the canvas to be visible. Any color applied to the canvas wrapping the sides of the stretcher bars will be somewhat visible in the ‘float’ space.


Conservation Framing

a type of framing that keeps the artwork as unaltered as possible while using materials which minimize the artwork’s deterioration by environmental factors. Acid free tapes and mats are used to prevent againg and discoloration of the artwork.


Core

in matboard, the central or innermost part; the material between the face paper and the backing paper. Less expensive paper mats may have a cream color core; some mats have a white, colored or black core; high end rag mats have a core the same as the top and bottom.


D


Double Mat

consists of two (2) mat boards (top and bottom). The window (opening) of the bottom mat surrounds the image. The top mat covers the bottom mat. It has a larger window, which allows a small border of the bottom mat, called the reveal, to be shown.


F


also called enhancers or slips, fillets are thin, decorative pieces of picture frame moulding. Fillets are often placed inside a larger frame or in between mat boards.


Float Mount

a mounting technique where the edges of the artwork are left uncovered by a mat board. With this application the artwork appears to be floating within the frame or mat board window. Artwork can also be float-mounted on a piece of black or white foam core without a mat.


Foam Core

the board on which artwork is mounted upon inside of a picture frame. Foamcore mount board is a light, but stiff material that is commonly available in white and black. Acid-free varieties are available for conservation framing.


G


Gallery Wrap

a modern style of displaying art in which a canvas is stretched so that it wraps around the sides of a thick wooden frame and is secured to the back of the frame. It is suitable for displaying without a picture frame, or can be mounted in a Canvas Floater Frame.


Gatorfoam

a heavy-duty, extruded polystyrene foam board bonded between two layers of Luxcell® wood-fiber veneer. Also known as Gatorboard, Gatorfoam comes in sizes ranging from 3/16" - 2" thick.


Giclée

a high-quality fine art print created with an inkjet printer. The name was originally applied to fine art prints created on a  modified Iris printer in a process invented in the late 1980's.


Glazing

the generic term for the glass or acrylic used to cover and protect artwork in a picture frame.


H


Hardware

the hangers, brackets, screw eyes and other materials used to assemble a metal picture frame.


L


Lignin

an organic substance found in all vascular plants. Papers containing lignin give off acids as they deteriorate which can damage art.


M


Mat Board

a material that covers and protects the image. Mat boards have a window (also known as the exact mat opening) cut in the center through which the image can be viewed. In addition to protecting the image, mat boards are available in many different styles and colors for the purpose of enhancing artwork.


P


Ply

a ply (plural - plies) is a layer within a mat board. High quality mat boards are manufactured in plies, dyed for color and laminated together. Mat board comes in 2-ply, 4-ply, 6-ply and 8-ply. Standard mat board is 4-ply and is 1/16" thick. Some mat board is not manufactured with separate plies, but will often be referred to as 4-ply to give a relative indication of the approximate thickness.


Points

thin metal tabs used to hold the mat, mount board and/or glazing inside of wood picture frames. Some points are stiff while others are flexible to allow access into the frame.


Profile

a term describing how picture frame moulding looks when viewed from one end. A picture frame moulding’s profile includes its height, width, contour and rabbet.


R


Rabbet

the inner lip or groove of the picture frame, which holds the frame’s components, including the glazing, mat(s), artwork and backing.


Reveal

a term used to describe the small bottom or middle mat border left visible in a double or triple mat application.


Reverse Bevel

a reverse-bevel cut positions the bevel inside of the mat window so that it is not visible. It gives a straight edge to the mat window.


S


Shadow Box Frame

a deep frame with glass or acrylic in front traditionally used to display personal mementos such as military medals, antique jewelry, old coins, sports memorabilia and children’s toys.


Single Mat

one (1) mat whose window (opening) surrounds the image.


Spacer

holds the artwork away from the surface of the glazing. Spacers can be made of plastic, wood, mat board or foam core.


Stacking

mixing more than one frame/liner/fillet together to create a variety of different presentations.



Stretched Canvas

a canvas that has been mounted onto a stretcher bar support framework in preparation for framing or hanging.


Stretcher Bars

the four (4) pieces of wood material that make up a stretcher bar frame.


Stretched Canvas

a canvas that has been mounted onto a stretcher bar support framework in preparation for framing or hanging.


U


UV-Filter Acrylic

acrylic with a UV-filter that will block most ultraviolet radiation. It has a slight yellow tint, which may create a warming effect on the artwork. Frame Destination sells 1/10" (.098) conservation grade UV-Filter with 98% UV protection.


UV/Non-Glare Acrylic

acrylic that blocks ultraviolet radiation and has a matte finish etched on one side to reduce glare from lighting. Frame Destination sells 1/10" (.098) conservation grade UV/Non-Glare with 98% UV protection and non-glare matte surface. When framing with non-glare acrylic remember that the matte side goes away from the artwork


V


V-Groove

a type of matboard cut where a thin line is cut around the top mat’s window opening. The v-groove exposes the matboard’s inner core color. It’s a purely decorative cut done for the sole purpose of generating extra focus on the artwork.